The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck and serves to regulate vital processes in the entire body. Formation of nodes in the thyroid gland is due to impaired hormonal function in the gland resulting in structural changes in the cells causing small nodules to form in the thyroid parenchyma.
In most cases, the thyroid nodules do not lead to complaints. They are often accidentally detected during an ultrasound examination. For the most part, the thyroid nodules are benign.
Methods of treatment:
1. Small nodes that do not increase in size over time are only subject to observation
2. Radioactive iodine is used to treat a toxic multiple-nodules thyroid gland
3. Drug therapy is applied when it is necessary to suppress thyroid hyperfunction
4. Surgical treatment is mandatory when:
- a very large node presses the esophagus and trachea, resulting in difficulty breathing and swallowin
- in case of suspicion of a progressive malignant process
* The patient should be aware of the risks of any thyroid surgery because it plays an immense role in the main vital metabolism and metabolic activity of the whole organism, including the brain. After surgical removal of the gland, the patient needs to remain under life-long surveillance and hormone treatment.
The latest technology:
HIFU therapy is a new non-invasive method for removing benign nodules of the cranial gland. High-intensity focused ultrasound achieves ablation only in the cells of the node without affecting the surrounding healthy tissues. HIFU is a very good alternative to invasive surgery because it preserves the organ and has a lower risk of complications. If necessary, the procedure may be repeated.
The Echopulse system, manufactured by Theraclion, is approved in Europe, Russia and Korea for the treatment of thyroid nodules.
The nearest clinic where we can help you is in Bucharest, Romania.